reference number: 224508-CP-1-2005-1-NO-GRUNDTVIG-G1.
This project has been funded with support from the Commission of
the European Communities,
Directorate-General for Education and
This website, the products and the work of the project reflect
the views only of the project partners and the
Commission is not responsible for its use.
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Building bridges to second language learning, culture
BRIDGES is a cooperation project
within the European education programme Socrates, Grundtvig 1.
For more information about the programme visit the website of
the European Commission, Education and Training
BRIDGES is a two year project from 1 October 2005 until 30 September
In BRIDGES there are in total seven partner organisations in Bulgaria,
Italy, UK and Norway.
The Norwegian Association for Adult
This project is built on the
work of the Grundtvig 2-project SELL- Second Language
non-native speakers. Visit the SELL website
Aims and activities
In this project, we focus on ways of teaching and learning the
main official language of the partner countries. We are
developing and testing the use of language and culture guides (LCGs)
in language teaching and learning. Developing and piloting
training seminars for "bridge builders" in each partner country
is an important task for the project.
LCGs are usually persons with another linguistic and cultural background
than the majority
of the population in the partner countries.
The aim is that the LCGs will function as bridge builders
between language learners and teachers, and in the organisations
offering language courses. They should also “build bridges”
between the learners, and the society and culture in the country
where the learners live. LCGs are typically previous participants in
language courses who have advanced skills in the
national language in matter and who know the wider society well. They
facilitate communication, understanding and learning and they
can become role models for language learners.
LCGs will get valuable work
experience and we hope that assuming this role may encourage
them to go further into a full teaching role, or facilitate any
professional role they may wish for.
In addition, we focus on the "bridge building"
role of language teachers.
and potential LCGs are firstly targeted by the project. The ultimate
beneficiaries of the project are however, the second language
learners whose motivation and achievements we aim to
The concepts of LCGs have been developed and tested in relation
to language courses. It is however, apparent that they have an
important role to play in other situations where people with
different languages and backgrounds meet such as in schools,
public offices, hospitals, and firms. They can facilitate
communication and make it more efficient, avoid or handle
misunderstandings, mediate when problems arise and improve
cooperation. This is something that benefits all people
All together we see the work of BRIDGES as part of the wider aim of
ensuring active citizenship, inclusion and the
construction of multi-cultural societies.
BRIDGES in Italian
Visit the IRRE website for BRIDGES
Florence, Italy. Photo: Cathrine Thue
About this site
The aim of the
website is to sum up the ideas and activities of BRIDGES and
present materials relevant to language learning, culture,
communication and diversity.
The contents will mainly be in English. Some
contents will however, be written in the other partner languages
Bulgarian, Italian and Norwegian.
is made for readers within the Socrates programme, partners'
networks and others interested in language learning,
communication and culture. The contents of this website will
also be available as a CD.
partners welcome questions, comments and contributions to
BRIDGES and to this website.
European Cooperation in Adult Education
Grundtvig is the name given to Action 3 of the
European Union's programme in the field of education,
Its aim is to improve the quality and strengthen the European
dimension of adult education of a non-vocational nature by means
of European cooperation activities of various kinds, thereby
helping to make better lifelong learning opportunities more
widely available to Europe's citizens.
Through Grundtvig, the European Commission
provides funding to promote exchanges of experiences and the
development of a European dimension in all sectors of adult
education. The Grundtvig action addresses a great variety of
subject areas and educational providers. It is open to all kinds
of institutions and organisations, whether working in formal,
non-formal or informal adult education.
It complements and
interacts with other actions within Socrates
and with other
programmes, such as
Leonardo da Vinci,
the whole spectrum of lifelong learning.
From 2007, Grundtvig will be one of the four
sectoral programmes in the
Lifelong Learning Programme.
the name "GRUNDTVIG" ?
information taken from:
The European Commission, Lifelong Learning Programme, Grundtvig)
Nikolai Frederik Severin Grundtvig (1783-1872), a
Danish clergyman and writer, is regarded as the founder of the
Nordic tradition of "learning for life".
His "folk high school" concept was based on the idea that
education must be available to all citizens throughout life and
should encompass not only knowledge
but also civic responsibility, personal and cultural
Responsible for this site
Cathrine Thue, e-mail: ct(at)vofo.no. The Norwegian Association for Adult Learning.
Motzfeldtsgt. 1, 0187, Oslo, Norway.
Post box 9339 Grønland, 0135 Oslo. Tel.: (+47) 22 41 00 00, Fax:
(+47) 22 41 00 01. E-mail: vofo(at)vofo.no,